Japan says time for 'effective pressure' on North Korea, not dialogue

Claudine Rigal
Août 7, 2017

India, which is North Korea's second largest trading partner, notified compliance in April with an earlier United Nations sanction banning export of all goods - except food and medicines - that could be used in nuclear or missile programmes. It also limits the number of North Koreans permitted to work overseas, and bars countries from entering into new joint ventures with North Korea or investing in current ones.

US ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley told the press before the vote, "All this ICBM and nuclear irresponsibility has to stop".

North Korea tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) capable of hitting the U.S. last month, demonstrating a level of advancement that surprised even the Pentagon.

However, experts doubt the missiles can hit their targets.

They urged all United Nations member states to take immediate steps to implement the measures. "It was not a good day for North Korea".

National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster claimed the USA is preparing for a "preventive war" with North Korea as Kim Jong-un continues with his nuclear programme.

While some have dismissed the framework as another attempt to move the goalposts in the definitive South China Sea COC negotiations, the framework represents a breakthrough for ASEAN centrality, which has been on display since a meeting in Bali earlier this year decided on the creation of a "zero draft". Those tests sharply escalated USA fears that Pyongyang is a key step closer to mastering the technology needed to strike American soil with a nuclear-tipped missile.

The U.S. -drafted measure, negotiated with North Korea's neighbor and ally China, is aimed at increasing economic pressure on Pyongyang to return to negotiations on its nuclear and missile programs.

For the United States, it was a long-awaited sign of progress for Trump's strategy of trying to enlist Beijing's help to squeeze Pyongyang diplomatically and economically.

Wang also urged the USA and South Korea "to stop increasing tensions" and said that all sides should return to negotiations. It's unclear exactly how much money North Korea earns from sending workers overseas but in 2015 the United Nations special investigator on human rights in North Korea, Marzuki Darusman, estimated it was earning between $1.2 billion and $2.3 billion annually.

She also praised China's stance.

"The fact that the Council adopted this resolution unanimously demonstrates that the global community is united in each position regarding the nuclear issue of the peninsula", said China Ambassador to the UN Liu Jieyi.

Apart from calling for dialogue, the Russian and Chinese envoys reiterated the need to scrap America's THAAD deployment in South Korea, and urged Seoul and Washington to halt military drills in the peninsula.

Several US officials have said the country is prepared to use force against the North Korean regime if necessary.

"It does not have to be this way".

He did not say how Mr Ri replied.

The communique is usually released at the end of the Asean foreign ministers' meeting, but Philippine Foreign Ministry spokesman Robespierre Bolivar said late on Saturday it would come at the end of a series of regional events in Manila.

South Korea's Yonhap news agency reports "cautious expectations" that Kang Kyung-wha would meet North Korea's Ri Yong-ho on the sidelines of the forum.

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